|Author:||Ken Kundert <firstname.lastname@example.org>|
|Date:||17 January 2016|
fvi [options] pattern [files]
fvi [-h] [-w] [-i] [-m] [-v] [-g] pattern [file [file ...]]
|-h, --help||show help message and exit|
|-w, --word||match a word|
|-m, --magic||treat a pattern as a vim magic or grep basic regular expression|
|treat a pattern as a vim very magic or grep extended regular expression|
|-g, --gvim||open files in gvim rather than vim|
fvi searches for files that contain a pattern and then open them in vim or gvim.
A typical use of fvi would be to search a list of files looking for the use of a particular pattern and then edit those files. For example, imagine you want to search your python source code looking for uses of the function ‘generate’. You can do so with:
fvi generate *.py
This searches through the files that end in .py in the current working directory, finds those that contains ‘generate’, and then runs vim on just those files (it silently ignores directories, binary files, and unreadable files that are given in the file list).
When running vim, fvi enables the autowrite feature, and disables folds. It also positions the cursor on the first occurrence of the pattern when it opens a file. Finally, it maps N to move to the next occurrence of the pattern and maps Ctrl-N to move to the next file. Since autowrite is enabled, you do not have to explicitly write out the file after making a change. Just moving to the next file will write out any changes you made to a file.
fvi generate *.py
will find every occurrence of ‘generate’, but it will also find occurrences of ‘generated’. Using the -w or --word command line option you can limit the pattern to only match complete words, in this case ‘generate’:
fvi -w generate *.py
Normally the pattern is case sensitive. Using -i or --ignore-case causes the case of the letters in the pattern to be ignored. So:
fvi -i generate *.py
will find occurrences of ‘generate’, ‘Generate’, ‘GENERATE’, and the like.
By default, fvi opens vim in the terminal. By adding the -g or --gvim command line option you instruct fvi to instead use gvim, which opens the files in a dedicated gvim window.
If you leave off the list of files to be searched, then ack is used find the files. By default ack searches all regular non-binary file in the current working directory and all its subdirectories, however you can use .ackrc files to control this behavior (run ‘man ack’ for more information).
It is possible to use regular expressions for the search pattern. However, fvi faces a challenge in doing so. When a regular expression is given, fvi uses the regular expression capabilities of grep or ack to search the files looking for the ones to edit, and then uses the regular expression capabilities of vim after opening the files. Unfortunately the same regular expression is used in both cases and these capabilities are not completely compatible.
When you use fvi with a regular expression pattern and a file list, grep is used to identify which files contain that pattern. grep and vim both provide two kinds of regular expressions that are closely related. Grep supports basic and extended GNU regular expressions. Vim supports magic and very magic regular expressions. The basic GNU and Vim magic regular expressions correspond, and similarly the extended GNU and Vim very magic regular expressions correspond, however this correspondence is not exact. I have not mapped the degree to which they do not correspond, but here are some examples of things that are known to correspond, and things that are known not to correspond.
\b, \B to match edges of words (available in grep but not vim).
When you use fvi without a file list, ack is used to identify which files contain that pattern. ack and vim both support regular expressions, but ack provides Perl compatible regular expressions and vim supports regular expressions similar to the GNU regular expressions. The compatibility between these two types of regular expressions is rough. I recommend that in this situation, you use Perl regular expressions as the pattern given on the fvi command line. Then when the files are opened in vim you may find that vm has trouble finding the pattern. At this point you should simply type / and then re-enter the search pattern, but this time in a vim compatible manner.
vim(3), grep(3), ack(3)